a countercultural, artistic response to World War I. Although there are other accounts of the word's origins, the most accepted version has Hugo Ball* and Richard Huelsenbeck locating "Dada" randomly in a Larousse Dictionary. Founded in February 1916 at Zurich's Cabaret Voltaire, Dada used the ludicrous and shocking to mock those values and conventions (including Expressionism*) that had induced the horrors of the war. Its originators included the writers Ball and Tristan Tzara, the painter Marcel Duchamp, the sculptor Hans Arp, and Huelsenbeck. It emphasized the visual arts; one typical Dada product was a reproduction of the Mona Lisa decorated with a mustache and an obscene cap-tion. After the war Tzara went to Paris and connected with Marcel Duchamp, an artist who had pioneered a similar movement in New York with Francis Picabia and Man Ray. Aiming to demolish all that was conventionally artistic, Parisian Dada spent itself by 1922, devoured by its own nihilism. Led by Andre Breton, it gave way to Surrealism.
   Because the members of the German contingent tended to view Dada more seriously than their French counterparts, German Dada's postwar experience was unlike that in France. Founded in April 1918 by Huelsenbeck, the Berlin* Dada Club emphasized its aim to shock. Politically engaged, German Dada evolved into a sober art that focused on the external world, dealt with the grim reality of life, and sought to raise society's moral level. (A distinct movement, led by Max Ernst,* was centered on Cologne.) In June 1920 several club members organized the First (and last) International Dada Fair in Berlin (Picabia and Ernst were both represented). As with other socially conscious intellectuals (e.g., those associated with the Bauhaus*), the Dadaists demanded that art incorporate a political message. They often used collage (and sometimes photomontage) to evoke the jagged dimension of life. Increasingly viewed as a radicalized form of Expressionism, Dada soon gave way to social realism; its key artists, notably George Grosz* and Otto Dix,* shifted by 1924 to Neue Sachlichkeit* (New Objectivity) or Magic Realism.
   REFERENCES:Barron, German Expressionism; Elderfield, "Dada"; German Realism of the Twenties; Long, German Expressionism; Motherwell, Dada Painters; Sheppard, "Dada and Mysticism"; Weinstein, End of Expressionism; Willett, Art and Politics.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • dada — dada …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • DADA — Jamais mouvement de l’esprit n’a été moins assujetti à la patrie d’origine de ses promoteurs. Né à peu près simultanément en Suisse et aux États Unis, il essaima rapidement dans plusieurs pays de l’ancien continent. Dada est un mouvement… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Dada — oder Dadaismus war eine künstlerische und literarische Bewegung, die 1916 von Hugo Ball, Tristan Tzara, Richard Huelsenbeck, Marcel Janco und Hans Arp in Zürich gegründet wurde und sich durch Ablehnung „konventioneller“ Kunst bzw. Kunstformen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • dadă — DÁDĂ, dade, s.f. (reg.) Termen de respect folosit de oamenii de la ţară pentru a se adresa unei femei mai în vârstă sau unei surori mai mari; leliţă, daică. – Din bg., scr. dada. Trimis de ionel bufu, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  DÁDĂ s. v. lele,… …   Dicționar Român

  • dada — DADÁ s.n. (Rar) Dadaism. – Din fr. [l école] dada. Trimis de ionel bufu, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  DADÁ s. invar. v. dadaism. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Sinonime  dadá s. n. invar …   Dicționar Român

  • dada — 1920, from Fr. dada hobbyhorse, child s nonsense word, selected 1916 by Romanian poet Tristan Tzara (1896 1963), leader of the movement, for its resemblance to meaningless babble. Freedom: DADA DADA DADA, the howl of clashing colors, the… …   Etymology dictionary

  • dada — adj. 2 g. s. 2 g. s. m. O mesmo que dadá.   ‣ Etimologia: francês dada dada s. f. 1. Ato de dar. 2. O que se dá de uma vez. 3. Direito de dar. 4.  [Portugal: Regionalismo] Abscesso no úbere da vaca devido a febre do leite. 5. Quebranto; feitiço.… …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Dadà B&B — (Болонья,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Via Rismondo 2, 40121 Болонья, Италия …   Каталог отелей

  • dada — DADA. s. m. Terme dont se servent les enfans et ceux qui leur parlent, et qui signifie un cheval. Un petit dada. Aller à dada …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • dadá — s. m. 1. Denominação adotada em 1916 por um grupo de artistas e escritores que se insurgiram como movimento contra o absurdo da sua época e resolveram contestar todos os modos de expressão tradicionais. = DADAÍSMO • adj. 2 g. 2. Relativo a esse… …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • dadá — adjetivo 1. (invariable) Dadaísta: movimiento dadá, poemas dadá …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

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